"One Thousand and One Nights" is a famous collection of Middle-Eastern folk tales and stories compiled in
Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. It is also known in English as the Arabian Nights.
Many tales and fables were originally folk stories from the Caliphate era, while others are
drawn from the Persian work of Hazar Afsan.
Some of the well-known stories of Arabian Nights are: "Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp",
"Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves", "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor" and many others.
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- Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp
- Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves
- Enchanted Horse, The
- Fifth Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
- First Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
- Fourth Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
- King of Persia and the Princess of the Sea, The
- Prince Beder and the Princess Giauhara
- Second Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
- Seventh Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
- Sixth Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
- Story of the King's Son, The
- Third Voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, The
The Brothers Grimm: Jacob (January 4, 1785 - September 20, 1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (February 24, 1786 - December 16, 1859),
were German academics who were best known for publishing collections of folk tales and fairy tales, which became very popular.
Grimm Brothers also did academic work in linguistics, related to how the sounds in words shift over time - Grimm's law.
They are among the best-known story tellers of folk tales from Europe, and their work popularized such tales as "Rumpelstiltskin",
"Snow White", "Rapunzel", "Cinderella", "Hansel and Gretel", "The Frog Prince", and many others.
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- Adventures of Chanticleer and Partlet
- Aged Mother, The
- Beauty and the Beast
- Blue Light, The
- Bright Sun Brings It to Light, The
- Brother and Sister
- Brother Lustig
- Cat and Mouse in Partnership
- Clever Elsie
- Clever Hans
- Cunning Little Tailor, The
- Devil with the Three Golden Hairs, The
- Devil's Sooty Brother, The
- Doctor Knowall
- Elves and the Shoemaker, The
- Faithful John
- Fisherman and His Wife, The
- Fitcher's Bird
- Four Skillful Brothers, The
- Frog-Prince, The
- Godfather, The
- Godfather Death
- Gold-Children, The
- Golden Bird, The
- Golden Goose, The
- Goldilocks And The Three Bears
- Good Bargain, The
- Gossip Wolf and the Fox
- Griffin, The
- Hans in Luck
- Hans Married
- Hans my Hedgehog
- Hansel and Gretel
- Hare's Bride, The
- Iron John
- Jorinda and Joringel
- Juniper Tree, The
- King of the Golden Mountain, The
- King Thrushbeard
- Knapsack, The Hat, and The Horn, The
- Maid Maleen
- Mary's Child
- Mother Hulda
- Nail, The
- Nixie of the Mill-Pond, The
- One-Eye, Two-Eyes, and Three-Eyes
- Old Hildebrand
- Old Man and His Grandson, The
- Old Sultan
- Old Woman in the Wood, The
- Our Lady's Child
- Peasant's Wise Daughter, The
- Pink, The
- Poor Miller's Boy and the Cat, The
- Queen Bee, The
- Riddle, The
- Robber Bridegroom, The
- Seven Ravens, The
- Singing Bone, The
- Singing, Soaring Lark, The
- Six Swans, The
- Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
- Story of a Youth, The
- Sweet Porridge
- Sweetheart Roland
- Three Brothers, The
- Three Languages, The
- Three Little Men in the Woods, The
- Three Snake-Leaves, The
- Three Spinners, The
- Twelve Brothers, The
- Twelve Huntsmen, The
- Two Brothers, The
- Two Travelers, The
- Valiant Little Tailor, The
- Water Nixie, The
- White Snake, The
- Willful Child, The
- Willow-Wren and the Bear, The
- Wise Folks
- Wishing-Table, The
- Wolf and the Seven Little Kids, The
- Wonderful Musician, The
- Young Giant, The
Charles Perrault (12 January 1628 – 16 May 1703) was a French writer.
Perrault was born in Paris to a wealthy bourgeois family, son of Pierre Perrault.
His brother, Claude Perrault, is known as the architect of the severe east range of the Louvre, built between 1665 and 1680.
In 1695, when he was 67, he lost his post as secretary. He decided to dedicate himself
to his children and published Tales and Stories of the Past with Morals, with the subtitle: Tales of Mother Goose.
The publications of his work made him suddenly widely-known and marked the beginnings of a new literary genre, the fairy tale.
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Carlo Lorenzini (November 24, 1826 – October 26, 1890), better known by the
pen name Carlo Collodi, was a Florentine children's writer known for the world-renowned
fairy tale novel, The Adventures of Pinocchio.
During the Wars of Independence in 1848 and 1860 Collodi served as a volunteer with the Tuscan
army. Carlo Lorenzini had won fame as early as 1856 with his novel In vapore and had also begun intense activity on other
political newspapers such as Fanfulla. In 1880 he began writing Storia di un burattino "The story of a marionette", also
called Le avventure di Pinocchio, which was published weekly in Giornale dei Bambini - the first Italian newspaper for children.
Lorenzini died unaware of the fame and popularity that awaited his work.
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Hans Christian Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), Danish author and poet, wrote many poems, plays,
stories and travel essays, but is best known for his fairy tales of which there are over
one hundred and fifty, published in numerous collections during his life and many still
in print today.
Andersen's fairy tales of fantasy with moral lessons are popular with
children and adults all over the world, and they also contain autobiographical details of the man himself.
Andersen wrote 168 fairy tales between 1835 and 1872. The first few were published in Tales Told for
Children when he was 30. Stories such as "The Little Mermaid," "The Princess and the Pea," "The Ugly Duckling,"
"The Emperor's New Clothes," "Thumbelina" and "The Snow Queen" won him worldwide fame.
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- Angel, The
- Beetle who went on his Travels, The
- Bell, The
- Emperor's New Clothes, The
- Elderbush, The
- Elf Mound, The
- Fir Tree, The
- Five Peas from a Pod
- Flying Trunk, The
- Goblin and the Grocer, The
- Ib and Little Christina
- Leap-Frog, The
- Little Claus and Big Claus
- Little Match Girl, The
- Little Mermaid, The
- Most Incredible Thing, The
- Nightingale, The
- Princess and the Pea, The
- Red Shoes, The
- Saucy Boy, The
- Shadow, The
- Shoes of Fortune, The
- Snowman, The
- Snow Queen, The
- Swineherd, The
- Tinder-Box, The
- Travelling Companion, The
- Ugly Duckling, The
- What One Can Invent
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson who is best known by the pen name Lewis Carroll. (27 January 1832 - 14 January 1898)
His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass.
Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English, with Irish connections.
During the earlier times in his life, young Dodgson was educated at home.
At twelve he was sent away to a small private school at nearby Richmond, where he appears to have been happy and settled.
The young adult Charles Dodgson was about six feet tall, slender and deemed attractive, with curling brown hair and blue or grey eyes.
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Wilhelm Hauff (November 29, 1802 – November 18, 1827) was a German poet and novelist.
Wilhelm Hauff was born in Stuttgart, the son of August Friedrich Hauff, a secretary in the ministry of foreign affairs, and Hedwig Wilhelmine Elsaesser Hauff.
He was the second of four children. Young Hauff lost his father when he was seven years old, and his early education was practically self-gained in the library of his maternal grandfather.
In 1820 he began to study at the University of Tübingen and in four years he completed his philosophical and theological studies.
On leaving the university, Wilhelm became a tutor to the children of the famous Württemberg minister of war, General Baron Ernst Eugen von Hugel, and for them wrote his Märchen fairy tales.
Some of these stories are very popular in German-speaking countries to this day, such as "The History of Little Mook", "The Tale of the Ghost Ship", "The Dwarf Nose", and "The Cold Heart" and many others.
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Pushkin, Alexander Sergeyevich
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799 - 1837) was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Alexander Pushkin was born in Moscow into a cultured but poor aristocratic family.
His first poem was published at the age of fifteen. The Russian literary scene recognized his talent widely.
Some of his fairy tales are very popular to this day, such as "The Tale of the Priest and of His Workman Balda", "The Tale of Tsar Saltan",
"The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish", "The Tale of the Golden Cockerel", "The Tale of the Dead Princess", and others.
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